History of Ayurveda

History of Ayurveda

Thousands of years ago the Indian sages received the fundamentals of Ayurveda. It is regarded as the Upaveda or sub-scripture of the Athrva-veda. Origin of Ayurveda is attributed to Dhanvantari, the physician to the gods as per Hindu mythology. Dhanvantari received it from Brahma. It is believed from the astronomical records in ancient Vedic texts that Ayurveda, was in practice even before 4000 BC. Hence, it is evident that Ayurveda was very mature and predominant in India thousands of years ago.

The most important Ayurvedic texts are the Charaka Samhita, Susruta samhita and Ashtanga Hridayam . These texts analyze the human body in terms of earth, water, fire, air, and ether as well as the three energy channels (Tridosha : Kapha, Pitta, Vata roughly translated as – water, fire and air).

Objectives of Ayurveda

Ayurveda has two main goals. Preventive medicine is to protect and enhance the health of a healthy person and to cure the disease of a sick person.

  1. Swasthasya Swasthya rakshnam- Swastha is healthy. Ayurveda describes health with a peaceful balance of body, mind and atman. Health is combination of a healthy body including good sensory and motor functions,peaceful mind and blissful soul.
  2. For prevention Ayurveda recommends daily regimen, seasonal regimen, hygiene, diet according to the Prakriti , use of spices, rejuvenation herbs, body cleaning techniques, Panchakarma treatments, exercise, Yoga and Pranayama techniques. Preventive medicine of Ayurveda focuses on enhancement of strength and immunity of the body.
  3. Aturasya Vikar Prashamananm- To achieve the body, mind and soul balance, unique diagnostic methods as well as various effective treatments are used. After the treatment of disease to regain the strength of that organ or system Rasanaya treatments are given. Special treatments are given to avoid the relapse of the disease.
  4. To cure various aliments Ayurveda uses Panchakarma, fasting and detox methods, correction of diet, Agni boosting treatments, herbal medicines, specific exercises and Ayuryoga.